Special Educational Needs and Disabilities is an umbrella term for any difficulty that a child or young person experiences when trying to learn. It covers things like trouble with thinking and understanding, emotional or behavioural problems, speech and communication difficulties and physical impairments. This can include children who have been diagnosed with autism, ADHD, dyslexia or other conditions such as cerebral palsy.
These needs can be identified by teachers who are looking at how well a child is progressing in school and may be noticing that they are struggling more than other children of the same age. They can also be identified by health professionals who have assessed the child and can provide a diagnosis. Children with SEND are often identified at an early age although for some it might not be recognised until they are at secondary school and their behaviour starts to deteriorate. Find out https://specialeducationalneedsanddisabilities.co.uk/
Some children who have a SEND need to be educated in a special school or in a separate class from other pupils. This is usually because they have a disability that affects their ability to take part in general education, but which can be accommodated through the use of supplementary aids and services. Segregation is only used when the severity of a child’s disability means that it cannot be satisfactorily taught alongside non-disabled students in a mainstream classroom with the use of adapted equipment and one-to-one support.
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In the United States, students with disabilities are eligible to receive a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. This is a legal right enshrined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Generally this means that students with disabilities are educated alongside non-disabled peers in the regular classroom, with the exception of those with severe disabilities such as blindness and deafness who may need to be taught in a special school or separate class.